Table of Contents

Reforming the United Nations: New Initiatives and Past Efforts (1997)

Volume I 

Preface 

Technical Note and Acknowledgment 

List of Abbreviations 

Part I
Reforming the United Nations 

1.    Initial Reform Efforts in the Context of the Cold War 

1.1   Activities and organization of the Secretariat 
        Group of 8, 1961 (document 1) 

1.2
   Administrative and budgetary procedures of the United Nations 
        Group of 15, 1961 (document 2) 

1.3   The finances of the United Nations and the specialized agencies 
        Group of 14, 1966 (document 3) 

2.    Focus on Development and the North-South Conflict 

2.1
   Partners in development 
        Pearson Commission, 1969 (document 4) 

2.2
   Capacity of the United Nations development system 
        Sir Robert Jackson, 1969 (document 5) 

2.3   A United Nations structure for global economic cooperation 
        Gardner Report, 1975 (document 6); Ad Hoc Committee, 1978 (document 7) 

2.4
   North-South 
        Brandt Commission, 1979 (document 9) 

3.
    New Visions and the Critics 

3.1
   Changing policy in the United States 
        Carter Administration, 1978 (document 8); Heritage Foundation, 1984 (document 11) 

3.2
   Call for fundamental reforms 
        Palme Commission, 1982 (document 10); Marc Nerfin, 1985 (document 12);
        Maurice Bertrand, 1985 (document 13); Brundtland Commission, 1987 (document 16) 

3.3
   Emphasis on improving efficiency 
        Group of 18, 1986 (document 15); Heritage Foundation, 1985 (document 14);
        Special Commission of ECOSOC, 1988 (document 19); UNA-USA, 1988 (document 18) 

4.
    End of the Cold War and Rediscovery of the United Nations 

4.1
   Reality and safeguards for a secure world 
        Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, 1987 (document 17) 

4.2   Concerns of the South and the Nordic initiative 
        South Commission, 1990 (document 20); Nordic United Nations Project, 1991 (document 24);
        Stockholm Initiative on Global Security and Governance, 1991 (document 25) 

4.3
   Individual initiatives to explore new opportunities 
        Brian Urquhart and Erskine Childers, 1990 (document 21); Brian Urquhart and Erskine Childers,
        1991 (document 27); North South Roundtable, 1991 (document 22); Stanley Foundations, 
        1991 (document 23); Peter Wilenski, 1991 (document 26) 

4.4
   Agenda for peace 
        Summit Meeting of the Security Council, 1992 (document 28); Secretary-General, 1992 
        (document 29); Boutros Boutros-Ghali, 1992 (document 33) 

5.
    Reassessment of the Role and Purpose of the United Nations 

5.1
   Enhancing international cooperation for development 
        Secretary-General, 1992 (document 30); Ad hoc Working Group, United Nations, 1992 
        (document 31); South Centre, 1992 (document 32) 

5.2
   Agenda for development 
        Secretary-General, 1994 (document 37); World Hearings on Development, 1994 (document 40);
        Secretary-General, 1994 (document 41) 

5.3
   Reassessing the United Nations: contributions from international commissions and 
         working groups 
        Ogata/Volcker Group, 1993 (document 34); United States Commission on Improving the
        Effectiveness of the United Nations, 1993 (document 36); Carlsson/Ramphal Commission, 
        1994 (document 42); Qureshi/Weizsäcker Group, 1995 (document 44) 

5.4
   Reassessing the United Nations: private initiatives and the Secretary-General 
        Gareth Evans, 1993 (document 35); Erskine Childers with Brian Urquhart, 1994 (document 38);
        Canadian Committee for the Fiftieth Anniversary of the United Nations, 1994 (document 39);
        Secretary-General, 1995 (document 43) 

6.
    Ongoing Reform Agenda 

6.1
   Multilateralism and United Nations reform 
        South Centre, 1996 (document 47); Summit of the Group of Seven, 1996 (document 48) 

6.2
   Reform of the Security Council 
        Open-ended Working Group, 1995 (document 45); Open-ended Working Group, 1996 
        (document 50) 

6.3
   Strengthening of the United Nations system 
        Bureau of International Organization Affairs, United States Department of State, 1996 
        (document 46); Open-ended High-level Working Group, 1996 (document 49); New reform 
        initiative by Secretary-General Kofi Annan 

Part II
Resolutions, Decisions and Statements 

Part III
Documentation 

1.
    Review of the Activities and Organization of the Secretariat 
       Committee of Experts (Group of 8), United Nations, New York, 14 June 1961 

2.    Examination of the Administrative and Budgetary Procedures of the United Nations 
       Working Group of Fifteen (Group of 15), United Nations, New York, 15 November 1961 

3.
    Examination of the Finances of the United Nations and the Specialized Agencies 
       Ad Hoc Committee of Experts (Group of 14), Second Report, United Nations, New York, 
       19 July 1966 

4.    Partners in Development 
       Commission on International Development (Pearson Commission), 1969 

5.    A Study of the Capacity of the United Nations Development System 
       Sir Robert Jackson, UNDP, Geneva, December 1969 

6.    A New United Nations Structure for Global Economic Cooperation
       Group of Experts on the Structure of the United Nations System (Gardner Report), 
       United Nations, New York, 20 May 1975 

7.
    Restructuring of the Economic and Social Sectors of the United Nations 
       Ad Hoc Committee, United Nations, New York, 13 January 1978 

8.    Proposals for United Nations Reform 
        Carter Administration, Report to the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, 
        Washington, D.C., March 1978

9.
    North-South: A Programme for Survial 
       Independent Commission on International Development Issues (Brandt Commission), 
       17 December 1979 

10.
  Common Security: A Programme for Disarmament 
        Independent Commission on Disarmament and Security Issues (Palme Commission), 1982 


Volume II 

Part III
Documentation (continued from Volume I) 

11.
  The World without a United Nations: What would Happen if the United Nations Shut Down 
        Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C., 1984 

12.
   The Future of the United Nations System: Some Questions on the Occasion of an Anniversary 
        Marc Nerfin, November 1985 

13.
   Some Reflections on the Reform of the United Nations 
        Maurice Bertrand, JIU, 6 December 1985 

14.
   The United Nations: Its Problems and What to do About Them 
        Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C., 1985 

15.
   Efficiency of the Administrative and Financial Functioning of the United Nations 
        Group of High-level Intergovernmental Experts (Group of 18), United Nations, New York, 1986 

16.
   Our Common Future 
        World Commission on Environment and Development (Brundtland Commission), 
        20 March 1987 

17.
   Reality and Safeguards for a Secure World 
        Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the 
        Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 17 September 1987

18.
   A Successor Vision: The United Nations of Tomorrow 
        United Nations Association of the United States of America (UNA-USA), New York, 1988 

19.  In-Depth Study of the United Nations Intergovernmental Structure and Functions in the Economic
        and Social Fields 
        Special Commission of the ECOSOC, United Nations, New York, 1 June 1988 

20.
  The Challenge to the South 
        South Commission, May 1990 

21.  A World in Need of Leadership: Tomorrow's United Nations 
        Brian Urquhart and Erskine Childers, 19 September 1990 

22.
  Strengthening the United Nations for the 1990s 
        North South Roundtable, Tarrytown, New York, 18-19 January 1991 

23.
  The United Nations: Structure and Leadership for a New Era 
        Stanley Foundations, United Nations Issues Conference, 22-24 February 1991 

24.
   The United Nations in Development: Reform Issues in the Economic and Social Fields 
        Nordic United Nations Project, April 1991 

25.
   Common Responsibility in the 1990s 
        Stockholm Initiative on Global Security and Governance, Stockholm, 22 April 1991 

26.
   Five Major Areas of Reform 
        Peter Wilenski, Ambassador of Australia to the United Nations, New York, November 1991 

27.
   Towards a More Effective United Nations 
        Brian Urquhart and Erskine Childers, 20 December 1991 

28.
   Responsibility of the Security Council in the Maintenance of International Peace and Security 
        Security Council, Summit Meeting, United Nations, New York, 31 January 1992 

29.
   An Agenda for Peace 
        Secretary-General, United Nations, New York, 17 June 1992 

30.
   Enhancing International Cooperation for Development: The Role of the United Nations System
        Secretary-General, United Nations, New York, 26 June 1992 

31.
   Enhancing International Cooperation for Development: The Role of the United Nations 
        Ad hoc Working Group, Position Papers of Delegations or Groups of Delegations, 
        United Nations, New York, 8 October 1992

32.
   The United Nations at a Critical Crossroads: Time for the South to Act 
        South Centre, Geneva, October 1992 

Volume III 

Part III
Documentation (continued from Volume II) 

33.
   Empowering the United Nations 
        Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Secretary-General of the United Nations, December 1992 

34.
   Financing an Effective United Nations 
        Independent Advisory Group on United Nations Financing (Ogata/Volcker Group), April 1993 

35.
   Cooperation for Peace 
        Gareth Evans, Foreign Minister of Australia, September 1993 

36.
   Defining Purpose: The United Nations and the Health of Nations 
        United States Commission on Improving the Effectiveness of the United Nations, 
        Washington, D.C., September 1993 

37.
   An Agenda for Development 
        Secretary-General, United Nations, New York, 6 May 1994 

38.
   Renewing the United Nations System 
        Erskine Childers with Brian Urquhart, 1994 

39.
   Canadian Priorities for United Nations Reform 
        Canadian Committee for the Fiftieth Anniversary of the United Nations, June 1994 

40.
  Open-Ended and Broad-Based Consultations on an Agenda for Development 
        President of the General Assembly of the United Nations and Summary of World Hearings 
        on Development, United Nations, New York, 6-10 June 1994 

41.
   An Agenda for Development: Recommendations 
        Secretary-General, United Nations, New York, 11 November 1994 

42.
   A Call to Action 
        Commission on Global Governance (Carlsson/Ramphal Commission), Geneva, 
        November 1994 

43.
   Supplement to an Agenda for Peace 
        Secretary-General, Position Paper on the Occasion of the Fiftieth Anniversary, United Nations,
        New York, 25 January 1995 

44.
   The United Nations in its Second Half-Century 
        Independent Working Group on the Future of the United Nations (Qureshi/Weizsäcker Group),
        1995 

45.
   Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council
         and Related Matters 
        Open-ended Working Group, Compendium of Observations and Assessment of the Two 
        Vice-Chairmen, Their Discussion Papers, as well as Proposals and Other Documents, 
        United Nations, New York, 18 September 1995 

46.   United States Views on Reform Measures Necessary for Strengthening the 
         United Nations System 
        Bureau of International Organization Affairs, United States Department of State, 
        Washington, D.C., 20 February 1996 

47.
   For a Strong and Democratic United Nations: A South Perspective on United Nations Reform 
        South Centre, Geneva, 1996 

48.
   Multilateralism and United Nations Reform 
        Summit of the G-7, Lyon, 27-29 June 1996 

49.
   Strengthening of the United Nations System 
        Open-ended High-level Working Group, United Nations, New York, 23 July 1996 

50.
   Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council
         and Related Matters 
         Open-ended Working Group, Report, United Nations, New York, September 1996 

Part IV
Annexes, Bibliography and Index 

1.
    Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice 

2.
    Introduction to the United Nations 

3.
    Bibliography 

4.    Index of Names