Table of Contents

Reforming the United Nations:  A Chronology (2016)

PREFACE

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

PART I: SHORT INTRODUCTION TO THE STRUCTURE OF THE UN

PART II: SUMMARY OF MAIN REFORM INITIATIVES, 1946 TO 2015

1.    Trygve Lie (Norway), 1946–1953: Building the Foundation

                        Organization, headquarters and decentralization

                        New entities and subsidiary bodies

                        First experience in technical assistance and peacekeeping

2.    Dag Hammarskjöld (Sweden), 1953–1961: Cold War

                        Peacekeeping becomes established

                        Management reform with political overtone

3.    U Thant (Burma), 1961–1971: The Third World

         Peacekeeping financing

         New planning and budgeting system

         Increase in membership

         Focus on development

4.    Kurt Waldheim (Austria), 1972–1981: The North-South Conflict

                        A new UN structure for global economic co-operation

5.    Javier Pérez de Cuéllar (Peru), 1982–1991: Return to the UN

                        Administrative and financial functioning

                        Rediscovery of the UN

6.    Boutros Boutros-Ghali (Egypt), 1992–1996: The New Unity

                        Major structural changes

                        An Agenda for Peace

                        Agenda for Development

                        50th anniversary of the UN

7.    Kofi Annan (Ghana), 1997–2006: Focus on Integrity and Efficiency

                        The Quiet Revolution

                        Millennium Summit

                        Security Council reform

                        In Larger Freedom: Integrity and efficiency

8.    Ban Ki-moon (South Korea), 2007–2016: The Limits of the UN

                        Secretariat: Structure, human resources and change plan

                        Peacekeeping: structure, policy and conduct

                        System-wide coherence and “Delivering as One”

                        Capital Master Plan

                        2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

9.    Concluding Observations

PART III: CHRONOLOGY OF MAIN CHANGE EVENTS

APPENDICES

 I: REFORM DOCUMENTS

    1.    Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, September 25, 2015

    2.    Report of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO) on Uniting Our Strengths for Peace: Politics, Partnership and People, September 2, 2015

    3.    The Secretary-General’s Five-Year Action Agenda, January 25, 2012

II: SUPPORTING INFORMATION

    1.    Charter of the UN

    2.    Statute of the International Court of Justice

    3.    Provisional Rules of Procedure of the Security Council

    4.    UN Member States, Date of Admission, Scale of Assessment

    5.    Security Council Membership

    6.    UN Peacekeeping Operations

III: BIBLIOGRAPHY ON UN REFORM